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Janet Van Hell
EEG van
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BiLD Lab


The Bilingualism and Language Development (BiLD) Lab studies the cognitive and neurocognitive processes related to language development, second language learning, and bilinguals’ use of two languages. We combine behavioral, neuropsychological (ERPs), and linguistic techniques to study patterns of cross-language interaction and transfer in child and adult second language learners at different levels of proficiency. We also study the neural and cognitive mechanisms involved in code-switching and in the comprehension of foreign accented speech.

Part of our neurocognitive research takes place in an RV mobile lab parked at schools, the 'brain bus'. We also use the 'brain bus' for outreach activities, e.g., science fairs or research demonstrations. For regular updates on our outreach activities, see

Selected Publications

Lorimor, H., Jackson, C. N., & Van Hell, J. G. (in press). The interaction of notional number and morphophonology in subject-verb agreement: A role for working memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Zirnstein*, M., Van Hell, J. G., & Kroll, J. F. (in press). Cognitive control and language ability contribute to online reading comprehension: Implications for older adult bilinguals. International Journal of Bilingualism.

Stöhr*, A., Benders, T., Van Hell, J. G., & Fikkert, P. (in press). Heritage language exposure impacts voice onset time of Dutch-German simultaneous bilingual preschoolers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition.

Zirnstein*, M., Van Hell, J. G., & Kroll, J. F. (2018). Cognitive control abilities mediate prediction costs in monolinguals and bilinguals. Cognition, 176, 87-106. PDF

Marshall-Bakker*, I., Takashima*, A., Schoffelen, J.-M., Van Hell, J. G., Janzen, G., & McQueen, J. M. (2018). Theta-band oscillations in the MTG reflect novel word consolidation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 30(5), 621-633. PDF

Park*, J., Miller, C. A., Rosenbaum, D. A., Sanjeevan*, T., Van Hell, J. G., Weiss, D. J., & Mainela-Arnold, E. (2018). Bilingualism and procedural learning in typically developing children and children with language impairments. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 61, 634-644. PDF

Van Hell, J. G., Fernandez*, C., Kootstra*, G. J., Litcofsky*, K. A., & Ting*, C.Y. (2018). Electrophysiological and experimental-behavioral approaches to the study of intra-sentential code-switching. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 8(1), 144-171. PDF

Van Hell, J. G., & Abdollahi*, F. (2017). Individual variation in syntactic processing in the second language: Behavioral and electrophysiological approaches. In: E. Segers & P. van den Broek (Eds.). Developmental Perspectives in Written Language and Literacy (pp. 257-273). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. PDF

Poarch*, G., & Van Hell, J. G. (2018). Bilingualism and the development of executive function in children – the interplay of language and cognition. In: S. A. Wiebe and J. Karbach (Eds.), Executive function: Development across the lifespan (pp. 172-187). New York, Routledge.

Stöhr*, A., Benders, T., Van Hell, J. G., & Fikkert, P. (2017). Second language attainment and first language attrition: The case of VOT systems in immersed Dutch-German late bilinguals. Second Language Research, 33 (4), 483-518.

Grey*, S. E., Tanner*, D., & Van Hell, J. G. (2017). How right is left? Handedness modulates neural responses during morphosyntactic processing. Brain Research, 1669, 27-43. PDF

Takashima*, A., Bakker*, I., Van Hell, J. G., Janzen, G., & McQueen, J. M. (2017). Interaction between episodic and semantic memory networks in the acquisition and consolidation of novel spoken words. Brain and Language, 167, 44-60. PDF

Litcofsky*, K. A. & Van Hell, J. G. (2017). Neural correlates of intra-sentential codeswitching: Switching direction affects switching costs. Neuropsychologia, 97, 112-139. PDF

Grey*, S. E., & Van Hell, J. G. (2017). Foreign-accented speaker identity affects neural correlates of language comprehension. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 42, 93-108. PDF

Tanner*, D., Grey*, S. E., & Van Hell, J. G. (2017). Dissociating retrieval interference and reanalysis in the P600 during sentence comprehension. Psychophysiology, 54(2), 248-259. PDF

Fairchild*, S., & Van Hell, J. G. (2017). Determiner-noun code-switching in Spanish-English heritage speakers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 20 (1), 150-161. PDF

Van Hell, J. G. (2016). Relative language proficiency affects language production in unimodal and bimodal bilinguals.Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 6, 834-836. PDF

Litcofsky*, K.A., Tanner*, D., & van Hell, J.G. (2016). Effect of language proficiency, use, and cognitive function on bilingual word production and comprehension. International Journal of Bilingualism, 20, 666-683. PDF

Lorimor, H., Jackson, C., Spalek, K., & van Hell, J. G. (2016). The impact of notional number and grammatical gender on agreement with conjoined noun phrases in Dutch. Language, Cognition, and NeuroScience, 31(5), 646-661. PDF

Poll*, G., Miller, C. A., & van Hell, J. G. (2016). Sentence repetition accuracy in adults with developmental language impairment: Interactions of participant capacities and sentence structures. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 59, 302-316. PDF

Van Hell, J. G., Cohen*, C., & Grey*, S. (2016). Testing tolerance for lexically-specific factors in Gradient Symbolic Computation. Commentary. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 19, 897-899. PDF

Van Weerdenburg, M. & Van Hell, J. G. (2016). Taalontwikkeling and taalproblemen [Language development and language disorders]. In: K. Verschueren & H. Koomen, Handboek diagnostiek in de leerlingenbegeleiding, Second Edition [Handbook for diagnostics in school service] Leuven, Belgium: Garant.

Sanjeevan*, T., Rosenbaum, D. A., Miller, C., van Hell, J. G., Weiss, D., & Mainela-Arnold, E. (2015). Motor issues in specific language impairment: a window into the underlying impairment. Current Developmental Disorders Reports, 2 (3), 228-236.

Bakker*, I., Takashima*, A., van Hell, J. G., Janzen, G., & McQueen, J. M. (2015). Changes in theta and beta oscillations as signatures of novel word consolidation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27 (7), 1286-1297. PDF

Bakker*, I., Takashima*, A., van Hell, J. G., Janzen, G., & McQueen, J. M. (2015). Tracking lexical consolidation with ERPs: Lexical and semantic-priming effects on N400 responses to newly learned words. Neuropsychologia, 79, 33-41. PDF

Bultena*, S., Dijkstra, T., & Van Hell, J. G. (2015). Language switch costs in comprehension depend on language dominance: Evidence from self-paced reading. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 18, 453-469. PDF

Bultena*, S., Dijkstra, T., & Van Hell, J. G. (2015). Switch cost modulations in bilingual sentence processing: Evidence from shadowing. Language, Cognition, and NeuroScience, 30, 586-605. PDF

Dijkstra, T., van Hell, J. G., & Brenders*, P. (2015). Sentence context effects in bilingual word recognition: Cognate status, sentence language, and semantic constraint. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 18, 597-613. PDF

Poarch*, G. J., Van Hell, J. G., & Kroll, J. F. (2015). Accessing word meaning in beginning second language learners: Lexical or conceptual mediation? Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 18 (3), 357-371. PDF

Poll*, G. H., Miller, C. A., & van Hell, J. G. (2015). Evidence of compensatory processing in adults with Specific Language Impairment: Testing the predictions of the procedural deficit hypothesis. Journal of Communication Disorders, 53, 84-102. PDF

van Hell, J.G, Litcofsky*, K. A., Ting*, C. Y. (2015). Sentential code-switching: cognitive and neural approaches. In J. W. Schwieter (Ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Bilingual Processing (pp 459-482). Cambridge University Press. PDF

Bakker*, I., Takashima*, A., van Hell, J. G., Janzen, G., & McQueen, J. M. (2014). Competition from unseen or unheard novel words: Lexical consolidation across modalities. Journal of Memory and Language, 73, 116-130.

Poarch*, G., & Van Hell, J. G. (2014). Cross-language activation in same-script and different-script trilinguals. International Journal of Bilingualism, 18(6), 693-716. PDF

Starreveld, P. A., De Groot, A. M. B., Rossmark*, B. M. M., & Van Hell, J. G. (2014). Parallel language activation during word processing in bilinguals: Evidence from word production in sentence context.Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 17, 258-276. PDF

Takashima*, A., Bakker*, I., Van Hell, J. G., Janzen, G., & McQueen, J. (2014). Richness of information about novel words determines how episodic and semantic memory networks interact during lexicalization. NeuroImage, 84, 265–278. PDF

Tanner*, D. & Van Hell, J. G. (2014). ERPs reveal individual differences in morphosyntactic processing. Neuropsychologia, 56, 289-301. PDF

van Hell, J. G., & Poarch*, G. J. (2014). How much bilingual experience is needed to affect executive control? Commentary, Applied Psycholinguistics, 35, 925-928. PDF

Bultena*, S., Dijkstra, T., & Van Hell, J. G. (2013). Cognate and word class ambiguity effects in noun and verb processing. Language and Cognitive Processes, 28 (9), 1350-1377. PDF

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